Gym / Fitness Center

Script Image Posted December 31, 2014; Text On Page Last Edited October 27, 2016:

gym - script1

Joining a fitness center is a luxury many cannot afford.  Our preference is to set up a gym where membership pays for itself, and patrons can receive cash back for participation.  Currently customers exercise and expend energy, which mostly ends up going to waste, whereas instead their activities could be harnessed towards the production of electricity.  Energy companies offer payouts for households which contribute power back to the “grid,” such as from wind generators on one’s property; this principal is to be further evaluated for applications with fitness instruments.

In terms of payments gym members could carry an ID to scan before using certain equipment, so energy production gets credited towards their account, applied to the cost of membership, with direct monetary compensation for anything extra.  Facility ownership skims off a percentage to cover expenses / investment, and the supplemented electricity helps power the facilities.

Force is required to operate electric generators, which basically involves rotating a wheel.  Typical power plants are designed to boil water, steam from which spins a fan connected to the generator in question; for our purpose mechanical / physical energy turns the generator directly.  The objective is improving current technology to enhance leverage for the amount of work from each exercise, using the principles of “simple machines,” i.e., wedge, pulley, inclined plane, lever / fulcrum.  The optimum apparatus or combination thereof will vary, based on the nature of different exercise equipment; weightlifting machines would be utilized differently from stationary bikes, stair-climbers, elliptical, and so forth.  As a more practical approach alternative options need to be developed and made readily available, for instance the notion of a human-sized “hamster wheel” and other mechanisms where users put their full bodyweight into the process, such as repeatedly climbing up a flight of stairs and driving all their weight into pulling a “lever” on the way down, employing the force of gravity.

Fitness1

Image Captions:
– Gym / FItness Equipment
– Gears for Different Weight Classes Maximize Leverage and Ensure a Moderate Descent; Releases and Resets Position Up Top When the User Lets Go
– Barriers Block Electromagnetic Radiation from the Generator
– Padding Offers Landing Protection for Up To a Few Stories’ Fall, in the Event of Malfunction / User Error
– Alternate Options:- Putting a Wheelbarrow Full of Weights Up a Hill / Ramp Onto a Platform
– Swimming Pool Landing Area / Parachute / Bungee, Instead of Regular Mats / Padding, Increasing the Number of Floors’ Distance Possible, Based on Enhanced Safety
– Pulley Mechanism (Raises Back Up when Released)
– Energy Being “Charged Up,” Similar Design to that of a “Windup Toy”

Further assistance is requested from engineers / scientists in developing methods to “amplify” energy transferred from an individual’s exertion on such apparatuses to the generator itself.  Instead of “spinning the wheel” directly, some options may combine efforts across multiple machines, perhaps shifting quantities of water for hydroelectric energy or air compression operating a turbine.  Any contributors to design and test a range of such applications, preferably open source, would be much appreciated.  Equipment in question shall be also made available for home use, for household incentive payments and to have on hand as an emergency backup.  Eventually such technology can hopefully provide a basic electricity source for less developed world regions.

Proposed modification to Fitness program for some one’s car parked at the gym or elsewhere:

Fitness 2a

Image Captions:
– Potential Modification for Proposed “Fitness Equipment” (Not Drawn to Scale)
– Force of Gravity on Weight of Car Used to Pull Lever Until Pivot Point of Equilibrium, Before Which Shifts to Parked Position / Brake for Apparatus to Reset
– Point of Connection Slides Down As Lever is Pulled, for Vehicle to Remain Stationary; Vehicle Itself Does Not Move, Just Harnessing Mechanical Energy of Its Weight + Wheels for Conversion to Electricity
– Parking Gear May Involve Shifting Point of Connection to a Stable Wall / Post, Heavy Enough to Hold in Place
– Not Necessarily Required to Use a Car, for Instance a Trailer Could be Up-Scaled to Hold Larger Mass
– Hill / Ridge Facing the Opposite Direction, to Prevent Damage in Case the Mechanism Becomes Disengaged

Continued from previous image – taking electricity out of the equation:

Fitness3a

Image Captions:
– Non-Electrical Applications for Modified Fitness Equipment
– Vehicle on Incline to Harness Mechanical Energy, Attaching Directly to Apparatus in Place of Electric Generator
– Water Pump, Reverse Osmosis, Desalination
– Agriculture Harvest, Mill
– Quarry, Rock Smasher
– Conveyor Belt, Lift
– Air Compressor, Fan

Alternate Option(s) for the Braking Mechanism

Fitness4a

Image Captions:
– Based on the Concept of Capturing Physical Energy to Generate Electricity, Seen with Some Exercise Devices (e.g., Pedaling a Bicycle to Operate a Lightbulb)
– A Vehicle on an Inclined Plane is Exerting Force onto Wherever Connected / Tied. Concept is to Keep Stationary through Both Stages: Harnessing its Leverage, Then Braking to Reset the Gear
– CLAMPS Could Be Used to Hold Wheels in Place for Parking Phase, Coordinated to Close when Above Apparatus Reaches Pivot Point of Equilibrium Previously Discussed
– Stand / Holster to Help Lock-In at Proper Timing Intervals

Before any further progress is made, it needs to be noted electricity generators give off electromagnetic radiation, which is considered harmful to the health of any one in range.  Before installation every one must ensure users will be shielded from all such hazards, including sufficient barriers / grounding, confirmed by testing via Gauss Meter.  If possible the distance between individuals and the generator should be far enough away from hazard range, so the person’s work takes place where electric fields are out of the picture.  If any one could develop open source blueprints for one or more phases of the process, we thank you greatly in advance.

References:

Free Gym Where Only Charge is Electric
Human Powered Gyms Make Watts from Your Workout
In the Gym: Clean Energy from Muscle Power
Texas State Unveils ‘Calories to Kilowatts’
Self-Powering Gym Uses Energy from Your Workout to Keep the Lights On
Energy Floors – Sustainable Dance Floor
Dancefloor Generates Electricity at London’s First Eco-Disco
Power-Generating Dance Floor Hits UK Club
Bike Powered Electricity Generators are Not Sustainable
6 Simple Machines: Making Work Easier
Simple Machines: The Science of Levers, Wheels, Gears, Pulleys
Simple Machine – Wikipedia
Mechanical Amplifier – Wikipedia
Physics Stack Exchange – How Do Levers Amplify Forces?
The Physics Classroom – Free Fall and Air Resistance
Light and Matter – Acceleration and Free Fall
Hamster-Wheel Standing Desk: Embrace the Rodent Race
How Do Power Plants Work?
The Energy Story – Turbines, Generators and Power Plants
Turbine Generator – TurbineGenerator
Hydroelectric Power – How it Works
Department of Energy – How Do Wind Turbines Work?
Cape Cod Town Residents Claim to be Hit by ‘Wind Turbine Syndrome’
‘Wind Turbine Syndrome’ Blamed for Mysterious Symptoms in Cape Cod Town
Wind Turbine Syndrome and Vibroacoustic Disease – Wind Wise Massachusetts
NIH – Electric & Magnetic Fields
Q & A About EMF Electric and Magnetic Fields
What Are the Health Risks of Living Near an Electric Substation?
What is a Gauss Meter?
Best Hand Crank / Solar Lantern Available?

Golf

Script Image Posted September 23, 2014; Text on Page Last Updated December 24, 2015:

golfTEXT

Thank you for participating in golf.  With rising costs to maintain courses, fewer individuals can afford to practice on a consistent basis, and only professionals can take home the million dollar cash prize.  Our approach is to give more players access to the jackpot aspect, along with other alternatives – this calls for combining traditional elements of the sport with pinball, shooting gallery, mini-golf, casino, and carnival / arcade games.

To build a golf course in this fashion requires an area roughly the size of a practice / driving range, and current facilities could be retrofitted with the adjustments to be discussed henceforth.  This course contains however many holes the designer would prefer, some of which the ball funnels into easily from a given radius, whereas with others the hole is situated on a steep incline for higher difficulty.  Also, there needs to be an “out of bounds” lane, which any shots not ending up in a goal funnel into, similar to a “gutter ball” in bowling.  Wherever each ball goes, the score is recorded with an automated counter, similar to the way coins are tallied by machines; it is tabulated based on which hole the ball went through, on the way back to a central ball repository, such as with the apparatus used at the 18th hole in mini-golf.  In other words a series of tubes transports each ball and adds up the score.

From this foundation the object of the game can be modified in different modes:

JACKPOT MODE – In order to take home the million dollar cash prize a player must hit his or her ball into a hole location very challenging and unlikely to connect.  Players pay a fixed price for each attempt, similar to a slot machine, and the jackpot rises after each ball; the million dollar estimate may end up less or more in practice, based on how frequently the goal is achieved.  In terms of potential variations:
– Jackpot hole being available at all times vs. only every so often, as with pinball, needing to hit a sequence of targets to unlock the goal, with limited time before progress is reset.
– Smaller payouts for hitting intermediate objectives (instead of just one main jackpot), where each missed ball adds to the prize pool in different sections, based on where it lands, certain areas being more difficult / valuable.
– Every one on the course operating as an individual vs. players splitting the prize pool – for solo scoring keep track of who wins via colored ball and / or camera to trace shot trajectories, giving customers the option to obtain a copy of the video as a souvenir.

COMPETITION MODE – The object of the game is to outscore your opponent(s) – i.e., tournament format, with prize payouts for finishing on the leader board, etc.  Potential variations / mods (some can be used in combination, whereas others are mutually exclusive):
– Players get a certain number of shots to hit as many targets as possible, earning a score based on difficulty of the goals vs. who completes all holes with the least number of shots needed.
– Individual scoring vs. teams; also whether teammates all play the course simultaneously with competitors, where shots cancel each other out, etc.
– Goals open for a limited time after hitting certain targets, along with score “multipliers.”
– Capturing “zones” by hitting the ball into a certain area, claiming that zone until an opponent lands there to reclaim for themselves (points awarded for each zone you have in your team’s possession per round, for instance).
– Battle / attack mode – targeting opponents’ fortress, ship, etc. – i.e., target destroyed after enough hits, vs. having to hit all specific points of the target.
– Shooting gallery – targets approach gradually, and you need to hit them before they get too close, more points the further out you connect – set time limit vs. which team can withstand the longest.
– For smaller / enclosed spaces, in the event a regulation course is not feasible – targets potentially projected onto a wall / ceiling screen, incl. moving targets, w/ laser shot tracking technology.

Course design details:

– Designers are encouraged to add visual / audio dynamics, including potential themes such as dinosaurs / prehistoric, outer space / aliens, insects / gardening, pirates / nautical, haunted house / zombies, brand-name sponsors, incl. well known cartoons / cinema film franchise licensing.
– Lighting / sound effects to go along with the action, incl. screen displays for score / objectives.
– Targets / holes in some cases may be moving or opened / closed at different intervals.
– Not all holes are necessarily on ground level, incl. elevated platforms, multi-tiered greens, aerial targets, etc.
– Obstacles, such as a windmill, clock tower, animatronics (i.e., robotic animals eat the ball / knock it away), “ball captured” mechanism, incl. mole / gophers.
– No set size specifications, though each course should be built considering the how far average drives would travel at maximum, unless there is a planned “downhill” slope built in.  Jackpots need not be the furthest out to be challenging.  Different tee off points to accommodate junior/ senior / female players, accounting for respective driving distances; note – this will require careful shielding of any one in front of longer range players, similar to a baseball / batting cage, except with more narrow gaps.

You are welcome to submit additional modifications via one of our available outlets.  One notion is for modes outlined above to also be applied with equipment-types from other forms of the sport, with respective adjustments to dimensions and distance:
– Disc Golf (Flying Disc Sport)
– Footgolf (Soccer Ball from Traditional International Football)
– American Tackle Football (Punt, Pass, & Kick Contest)
– Tennis (Ball & Racquet Games)
– Basketball (Skill Shot Challenge)
– Target Shooting Gallery (Firearm / Rifle Range)

Calculations are requested to perform break-even analysis for such operations, for instance to determine the prize pool given price ranges, difficulty of the “jackpot,” operating expenses, etc..  In terms of the surface artificial turf would suffice for target / landing areas, though players should have the option to hit off natural grass, if possible.

Jurisdictions may prohibit cash payouts if they consider this a form of gambling.  Pinball houses have gotten around this by giving out gold, which winners take next door to exchange for currency (additional security needed).  Potentially regulators could consider having proceeds go to an “education lottery” fund, as states tend to allow gambling in that context.  Preferably expenses will be balanced out in that revenue covers just enough to sustain the operation / workers, so the highest percentage possible can be paid out to players.

References (Last Updated November 10, 2019):

USGA – United States Golf Association
PGA – Professional Golfers’ Association
International Golf Federation – History of Golf
USGA Museum – Golf History FAQ
PGA – Golf Instruction and Lessons
Golf Academy – Instruction
Golf Instruction Videos, Tips from Golf Magazine’s Top 100 Teachers
Golf Digest – Golf Instruction
Kids Health – Safety Tips: Golf
American Society of Golf Course Architects – Course Design
USGA – Building and Maintaining the Truly Affordable Golf Course
Building Golf Courses in China – An Illegal and Booming Industry – Business Week
– Topgolf Tour
World Minigolf Sport Federation
History of Miniature Golf – Bearings
Build a Miniature Golf Course in Your Backyard – Boys’ Life
How to Build a Miniature Golf Course – This Old House
National Building Museum’s Mini-Golf Course – Harder Than It Looks – ASLA
Patent US5758992 – Golf Ball Elevator
Patent US5632687 – Golf Ball Dispensing Apparatus
Patent US6398662 – Moving Practice Green and Ball Pickup Apparatus
Patent US5980391 – Ball Lift Assembly for Ball Return System of a Bowling Alley
Internet Pinball Database
International Flipper Pinball Association
The Professional & Amateur Pinball Association
The History of Pinball Machines and Pintables – BMI Gaming
Pinball History – Pennyarcade
Made How – Pinball
11 Things You Didn’t Know About Pinball History – Popular Mechanics
The Mayor Who Took a Sledgehammer to NYC’s Pinball Machines – The Atlantic
Oakland Finally Un-Banning Pinball – Time
The Campaign to Destroy Pinball – Pacific Pinball
Pachinko Planet – What is Pachinko?
Pachinko Gateway
Electronics Manual for Vintage Pachinko Machines
Taxing Times for Pachinko as Japan Considers Casino Gamble – Reuters
How Japan Casinos Could Save $187 Billion Pinball Pastime – Bloomberg
– Japan: Official Resigns Over Postquake Pinball – NY Times
– The Hole Story: A History of Skee-Ball – Mental Floss
– The Puttskee
Redemption Games – Primetime Amusements
Carnival Depot – Carnival Games
Scam Alert – 7 Rigged Carnival Games – AARP
Carnival Games You Should Play (or Skip) – MSN
Man Loses Life Savings Playing Carnival Game, Wins Giant Banana – Time
– Massachusetts Council on Compulsive Gambling
National Center for Responsible Gaming
American Gaming Association
History of Gambling in the United States – California State Library
Casino Operations Management – Gambling Info
Authority to License – Washington State Office of the Attorney General
– Legalized Games of Chance – New Jersey Division of Consumer Affairs
About Golf – What is a Hole-in-One Contest?
The Price is Right – Hole In One (Or Two)
John Daly Makes a Hole-in-One, Wins a Car – PGA
– Seinfeld the Marine Biologist – Variety
Mitch Hedberg: Fore! – Comedy Central Stand-Up
Range War: A Day in the Life of a Picker – Weekly Alibi
American Dad – Stan of Arabia – Fun Trivia
– Caddyshack – Warner Bros.
– Happy Gilmore – Universal Pictures
Kirby’s Dream Course – Nintendo
Worms Crazy Golf – Team 17
Peggle – Popcap Games
Labyrinth – Brio
– Boules Sport

Football International / Soccer

Posted July 23, 2014; Text On Page Last Edited April 18, 2018

Soccer (1)

Thank you for viewing soccer, which is usually referred to as football.  Calling the sport “football” does not tell the whole story, in that lots of goals are actually scored on “headers,” where a player hits the ball with one’s head.  Also, it is common for participants to receive a soccer ball traveling across upwards of half the field in the same fashion.  Recent studies have raised concerns about long-term effects of this activity on brain development.  Also, impact injuries can occur when more than one player attempts to “head” the ball at the same time.  As a result regulators of the sport allow headgear made of “soft, lightweight, padded material” to be worn.  Therefore, the development team of this presentation is advising all participants to equip the most substantial headgear available at all times, in addition to the customary shoes, shin guards, and athletic support.  Face masks are permitted as well, provided they involve no “parts extending out from the surface” nor “protruding elements,” which brings up an interesting point.

Soccer (2)

Equipping players’ helmets with strong face shields would give an advantage to the respective team, in terms of being able to strike and block the ball with the front of one’s face with less trepidation.  Otherwise, an individual’s natural reaction would be to orient his or her face away from the ball before impact, thereby reducing vision and reaction time in split-second scenarios.  Provided the equipment is in compliance with said regulations, teams are conceding an advantage to their opponent without doing so.  If you or your organization has developed the prototype helmet and face shield combination with verified safety ratings, please promote your product.  As a reminder padded helmets are already available and should be worn at all times during soccer, face protection notwithstanding.  If helmets are not provided to all players, leagues should consider to institute a policy where “heading” the ball is not allowed, which ties into our next topic.

Soccer (3)

As previously mentioned, much of the scoring in soccer takes place as a result of “headers.” If such actions are outlawed for safety reasons, multi-ball may help facilitate scoring.  The official amount of soccer balls in play will vary by league and team preference, though the limit is usually capped at the total number of players on the field.  This way, all soccer balls can be kicked off at the beginning of each half, and the goalkeeper has a limited amount of time to retrieve and clear after each goal.  The main adjustment would be in terms of set plays – with more than a single soccer ball on the field, it is not practical to stop the action for free kicks and penalty shots.  These occasions are instead handled with a similar approach to the “penalty box” in ice hockey, where infringing players end up in “timeout” for an established period of time, which varies based on the nature of the infraction.  As a notice one or more additional sideline officials will be necessary to retrieve any soccer ball out of bounds and set in place for throw-ins, corner kicks, and goal kicks, so participants are not leaving the playing field themselves.  If your league has established additional guidelines, please schedule a follow-up presentation at sportwebinar.com/request, and we look forward to your input.

soccer-4c

On account of lower scoring in regular soccer, many elimination games are decided with penalty kicks, technically not the most suitable measure of combined offense and defense. Under this format the incentive becomes to play for a scoreless tie throughout regulation, if one team believes they are outmatched in terms of the actual game. Alternate systems under consideration:
– Compromise to introduce the multi-ball approach, only after some portion of overtime has elapsed, adding additional ball(s) after each interval to be determined (TBD).
– Instead of extra ball, remove off the field one player from each team at said interval. TBD: frequency for reducing the count; making available to the coach additional substitutions (may call for rosters to expand accordingly); minimum number of players upon which no longer decreased, likely not much beyond 3-on-3 plus goalkeeper, for comparison if an ice-hockey game begins their overtime period 5-on-5 then after intermission drops to 4-on-4 followed by 3-on-3 etc.
– Widen the goal-posts after each interval, providing an expanded scoring radius, custom build adjustable goals. TBD: amount of space increased each time; maximum total width. Along similar lines another option (not requiring new equipment) is to gradually place restrictions where the goalie is no longer allowed to touch ball with certain limbs, so the other team selects which arm or leg to ban then eventually onto other anatomical regions. More basic may be to continually reduce the area in which goalkeepers allowed to use hands.
– If persistent on some form of shootout, try with more players beyond one man against goalie. Why not have multiple members on offense begin with the ball around mid-field against equivalent defenders, stipulate different amounts of players during each round of the shootout (one of which may still be the traditional single); limited time of possession or their attempt also ends upon defense gaining possession of the ball.

References (Last Updated April 25, 2018):

Laws of the Game – FIFA
FIFA World Cup
– The Football Association Challenge Cup
– UEFA Champions League
– Beach Soccer Jam
– United States Soccer Federation – U.S. Soccer
– International Table Soccer Federation
– Rules – British Foosball Association
Frequent Soccer Ball Heading May Lead to Brain Injury – Yeshiva University
Evidence of Cognitive Dysfunction after Soccer Playing with Ball Heading – PLOS
Soccer and the Brain (Heading for Trouble?) – UW
Is Soccer Bad for Children’s Heads? – NAP
– Soccer Headgear and ASTM Product Performance – NFHS
FIFA 14 Patch Addresses Overpowered Headers and Finesse Shots – EGM Now
– Board of Governors OKs 3-on-3 OT, Coach’s Challenge – NHL
– College Football Overtime Rules – SI
Multi Ball Game – Top Soccer Drills
Multi Ball Game to Improve Soccer Thinking Skills – Better Soccer Coaching
– Home Movies – Shout Factory TV